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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

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an eminent socialist and writer and the first Minister of Foreign Affairs
in Poland, and Chairman of the Polish-Soviet Frontier Commission which
had drawn up the Soviet-Polish frontier line on the basis of the Treaty of
Riga. In Poland, Wanda Wasilewska had been a member of the Polish
Socialist Party (her father's), the Party most hated and fought against by
the Communists. At the time of the Soviet occupation of Eastern Poland,
Wasilewska had been in Lwow. She was c elected' to the Supreme
Council of the U.S.S.R., and later nominated a Colonel of the Red Army.*
During the first months of the Soviet-Polish c friendship ' in 194X3
when the Kremlin anticipated arriving at a complete understanding with
Sikorski, the Comintern had considerably limited its propaganda action
against Poland and merely used the radio as a medium to urge the Poles
to strike at the Germans. In the thirties Moscow had completely and
for all time finished with Polish Communism, and its c megalomania to
be independent.' And now, when Moscow was trying to become more
Polish than the Poles themselves, and trying to indicate to them their
road of patriotism and civic duties, some antecedent had to be found or,
at any rate invented. With this object in view, Moscow dug up the
' Polish Communists * from the archives, referring to them as the
c patriots' who had also defended Warsaw against the Germans, and the
Soviet radio station c Front3 or c Kosciuszko9 on January 13,1942, broad-
cast for instance:
" Warsaw (in 1939) was defended by National Democrats and Pilsudsky-
ites, Socialists, Peasants and also Communists . . . war was necessary so
that the Communists might show that they are also an essential part of the
Polish nation, and the hostile attitude of the Polish parties against them
was never justified."
* Wanda Wasilewska was a novelist, though not among the foremost ranks of
authors. She had extremely radical ideas, with a great sympathy towards social
wrongs and poverty, but with absolutely no understanding of the difficulties which
surround all economic problems. She saw life in two colours only, white or
black, and painted the characters in her novels accordingly. Some of her works
were translated into Russian and printed in the Soviet Union. The Soviets do not
recognise the law of property regarding literary works of * members of capitalist
countries,3 and consequently had never paid for these translations. Only when
Wasilewska became a Soviet citizen and the Soviets decided to exploit her as a
propaganda agent, did they give her forty thousand roubles as fees and Stalin's
literary prize of one hundred thousand roubles.
Wasilewska's evolution from social radicalism, to shallow official Stalinism (of
which she had no real conception and was, in fact, even writing heresy against it
in his paper) came as the result of her conviction that the Soviet conception of
the Communist paradise was right. Her Quisling activities were based, at kast
in the beginning, on sentimental grounds, but she was now fighting against her
father's work, by supporting the Soviet claims to Eastern Poland. Once in Soviet
hands she was bound hand and foot, while her renegade activities were completed
by her private life. Her second husband was murdered before her eyes in Lwow
in October, 1939> by the N.ICV.D., although she declared that the murderers
were Ukrainians. Her third husband, taken immediately afterwards, was
Korneichuk, a Soviet playwright and afterwards a Deputy Foreign Commissar of the
U.S.S.R. Wasilewska's name was exploited to the utmost by Soviet propaganda
in 1943. But the articles, especially those appearing under her name in the
Russian press, did not appear to have been written by her pen.